On April 16, Guangzhou Evergrande Football Stadium, with a total investment of 12 billion yuan and a design to accommodate 100,000 spectators, officially started. Its lotus-shaped exterior design proposal suddenly attracted crowds of people from all walks of life, hot discussions and even complaints.
Regardless of the mess between Party A and Party B, only people’s comments on the appearance of the stadium can be divided into three categories:
First, out of personal aesthetic perception, intuitively feel that the stadium is beautiful or ugly. There is a thousand Hamlet in a thousand people, and everyone has such a comment in their hearts. There is no difference in the individual's aesthetics. It is unnecessary to save others by oneself, and we can laugh it off.
Second, the aesthetic advice given by professionals from the perspective of architectural aesthetics. As the name suggests, architectural aesthetics is a discipline that specializes in the study of beauty or aesthetic issues in the field of architecture. It studies how to construct buildings in accordance with the laws of beauty, considering the interaction between the body, the object, the subject, and the recipient, and the various aesthetic effects that result from it. and many more. If this kind of professional aesthetic advice is more objectively grasped, understood, and combined with the aesthetic considerations of the forefathers of the past dynasties when constructing various buildings, and taking into account the coordination and balance of the specific functional content and aesthetic requirements of each sub-part of the stadium construction and construction, Giving a practical and feasible plan to further improve the shape of the stadium can be regarded as a popular course of architectural aesthetics for the people who eat melons.
Third, some well-known or professional people do not know whether they are dizzy or have ulterior motives, and for what purpose, they turn the background of so-called specialization into a big stick in their hands, confuse the relationship between management and architectural aesthetics, and confuse architecture. The confusion between aesthetics and the aesthetics of the masses, and the confusion between traditional cultural characteristics and anti-science and anti-wisdom, is not to stand in the circle to make some suggestions, but to use fierce and worthy of scrutiny to guide some rhythmic and unhealthy , And even distorted public opinion, which is called "mainstream aesthetics" and "architect's feelings".
For the first two, the picking agent thinks that it is very normal. Even if the words are occasionally excessive, there is no need for too much exaggeration and comment; for the latter point, especially "whether traditional cultural characteristics are anti-science and anti-wisdom", we say a bit.
Just after Evergrande announced the exterior design of the stadium, Zhao Kui, a professor at the School of Architecture and Urban Planning of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, made a long talk on the public platform. The main idea was that Party A coerced Party B and directly asked the architect to design the model, which insulted the design party. Professionalism, wisdom, etc.
This kind of professional people’s adherence to the principle of neutrality and independence of architectural design schemes is worthy of admiration, but some words in the last sentence of the article are like a needle, stinging me who loves the traditional culture of the motherland. , The original text is like this——"
On the surface, this sentence is still discussing certain phenomena in architectural design bidding under the market economy, but it hides such a needle-"vulgarity".
The so-called "bad aesthetic design" here can be further said to be simpler, violent, and less obscure, that is, "
I don’t know if the term "vulgarity" was quoted by Professor Zhao Kui unintentionally, or he said it, or he only quoted it with his own inner approval, thinking that-in order to violently criticize a certain social phenomenon, he would not choose words or ignore it. Influence, it is not very appropriate to publish some remarks on public platforms that are significantly inconsistent with professional status, or even slightly ignorant.
You have to say "a dragon on the left", "big golden chain" and other vulgar vulgarity, but-in the long years of ancient and modern China, the symbol and image of the lotus flower has never been touched by the word "vulgarity" Even the slightest relationship.
The Chinese have a long history of love for lotus flowers. The famous essay "Ailian" by Zhou Dunyi, a great scholar in Song Dynasty, interprets the humanistic spirit that Chinese people bestowed on lotus flowers. "Out of the silt but not stained, the ripples are clear but not demon, the center is straight and the outside is straight, no vines and branches, the fragrance is far and clear, the pavilion and pavilion are pure." The heart, the spirit of a gentleman of self-cleanliness and self-love can probably portray the spirit of outstanding Chinese scholars in the past dynasties.
But at the same time, I regret that the professor probably did not see the similarities between the humanistic spirit represented by the lotus and his bluntly speaking behavior in the aesthetic level.
Back to architecture, due to the Chinese traditional humanistic spirit and Buddhism being introduced to China, the lotus symbol has been further religiously promoted. The architectural elements with lotus patterns and shapes are among the pavilions, pavilions, palaces and temples of the past. China can be said to be everywhere, and the gardens and courtyards with lotus ponds are the standing plans of the common people and even the supreme rulers who have spiritual pursuits in the construction and planning of their homes.
Even in modern times, people's internal aesthetic identification with the image of lotus is still reflected in many architectural design works. Only in terms of architectural shapes that resemble the image of a lotus flower, a little observation can make a long list.
Among them, the modern Changzhou Wujin Lotus Pavilion, Jinan Wanda Cultural Tourism City, the Lotus Tower in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and the Bahá'í Temple in Delhi, India, are even more similar to Evergrande’s 100,000 professional football stadium. The above "identity".
If there is only one case, it may be different to say that it is "vulgar design"; however, with many similar designs at home and abroad, as a professional in the architectural circle, it may take some courage to directly make strong derogatory comments. Right?
Still give an example.
In terms of international reputation, the Bahá'í Temple in Delhi, India, which has a similar appearance to the Evergrande Stadium, stands on the opposite side of "vulgarity" and has become a landmark building that people yearn for. The temple was opened in 1986. The temple covers an area of 26.6 hectares, is 34.27 meters high, and has a bottom diameter of 74 meters. It is composed of three layers of petals, nine sides and nine doors, all built with white marble. Because the Bahá'í Faith preaches universal unity, the human family does not collect tickets to the outside world, and there is an endless stream of tourists here sincerely praying, and even sightseeing. Here, there is no "vulgarity", only the sense of purity, agility and even sacredness that the lotus shape brings to people's hearts.
Going back to the core issue we discussed, from an aesthetic point of view, we just cannot say that only buildings that are used as religious sites use lotus design to be "not vulgar", and that they are "vulgar" when used in sports centers or stadiums. Right?
What's more, as a large species of flower that is widely planted and viewed by mankind, the lotus behind it reflects the common aesthetic pursuit and identification of the entire mankind. How can it be the so-called "religious use", "royal garden use" and other hats. Is it restricted to the aesthetic judgment that it is only "not vulgar" for specific people and specific areas?
If so, then this kind of judgmental comment is no different from "language kidnapping".
At the end of the article, let’s dig out what “vulgarity” means.
It is generally believed that "bad customs" has two meanings. The first one describes "bad customs." This sociological category has nothing to do with the subject of this article, so we will leave it alone. Its second meaning refers to
Looking back at the design drawings and videos of the Evergrande professional football stadium, removing the lighting and effects, it is no different from the image of the lotus in the traditional Chinese perception. This is also the President of Evergrande Xia Haijun emphasized that the stadium "takes lotus blossom as the design concept. , Highlighting the main reason for the strong Chinese cultural characteristics. Even with lighting effects and a slightly hot golden red appearance,
Everyone’s aesthetic is unique, and the works designed by many recognized architects in the world may not be liked by everyone. Take Mr. Pei, who is the "last master of modernist architecture" as an example. The design proposal for the Louvre that he submitted in the 1980s was also "90% (the figure comes from Pei’s own It is estimated that)” Parisians objected, and people still cast their eyes on them when walking on the street. After the building was completed, the strong public opinion pressure tended to disappear, and people began to put down their fists, clap their hands and admire them.
Any new thing appears, there will be countless doubts at the beginning. If I.e. Pei was questioned because of reforming traditions in design, Evergrande professional stadium was questioned because of returning to tradition. In fact, what the current voices of skepticism reflect, I am afraid, under the trend of Westernization, Chinese people are not confident, abandon or even completely deny their own traditional cultural symbols.
When an expert in the field of architectural design, a professor who has been deeply involved in the field of traditional architecture and heritage protection for many years, quotes or utters the phrase "vulgar aesthetic design", perhaps we still have a long time to go on the road to cultural revival of the Chinese nation .